For decades, Florida had only three legal forms of gambling—horse races, greyhound races, and Jai Alai. Changes in gaming laws began in the eighties. Congress passed the Federal Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, which allowed American Indian tribes to have gambling facilities in states that have some form of legal gambling.
Nine years ago, voters approved a referendum that allowed slot machines at Dade and Broward pari-mutuel facilities. The state lawmakers later allowed poker rooms at all pari-mutuel facilities across the state, if the local county commissioners approved.
Our lawmakers tell us they want to clean up this patchwork of laws in a more cohesive set of statutes. I’m not sure. There is simply too much money at stake for both the state and the casinos.
Las Vegas Sands Corp., Wynn Resorts Ltd. and MGM Resorts International have all expressed interest in owning casinos in South Florida. In 2011, Malaysian entertainment giant Genting Group paid $236 million to buy 14 acres, including the Miami Herald’s headquarters. At the time, they announced if the state laws were changed, they planned to build a $3 billion plus entertainment and residential project in downtown Miami.
There have been rumors of casinos coming to Escambia County ever since the Creek Indians opened Windcreek Casino in Atmore, Ala. In 2009, there was a behind-the-scenes effort to bring a bingo casino to Perdido Key until a grassroots movement derailed it. The Creek Indians now have controlling interest in the Pensacola Greyhound Track.
If state lawmakers expand gaming in the state, Escambia County could be a big loser. The gaming interests will come to dominate our local politics, electing those who will serve their interests, and the casinos will draw business away from the rest of the community.
Locals like to visit Biloxi and gamble at their casinos. They may envision how great it would be to do the same here. People in my hometown, Greenville, Miss., thought the same thing—only to see their downtown dry up and their infrastructure fall apart.
The Greenville casinos are “Class D” facilities—barges floating on a lake. The top entertainers don’t perform there though they may get Bubba and his singing pig. All you hear is a great sucking sound as millions of dollars are being pulled out of the community.
I fear Escambia County will become more like Greenville than Biloxi, if the state allows casinos. The upside is we could get to hear the singing pig.